Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) by topic:

DRDP (2015) - A Developmental Continuum from Early Infancy to Kindergarten Entry Requirements

1. When is the Desired Results Developmental Profile (DRDP) to be completed? The first DRDP assessment instruments must be completed within 60 calendar days of the child's first day of enrollment in the program and every six months thereafter. Completing the DRDP (rating the child’s development on the DRDP measures) is usually completed over a two-week period; however, teachers and caregivers are expected to record observations and gather evidence on an ongoing basis.

2. For part-time preschoolers who are attending one or two days a week, would the 60 days count from days of enrollment or calendar days?
The DRDP must be completed for all children within 60 calendar days regardless of the circumstances. Remember, in order for a DRDP to be completed, children must attend the program ten hours a week or more.

3. If the child leaves or withdraws before the 60 days, does an assessment still need to be completed?
The assessment is only completed if the child is still enrolled in the program.

4. Who is required to administer the DRDP?
The child’s primary teacher or caregiver is responsible for completing the DRDP. It should not be completed by assistant teachers or by families, although their comments and other anecdotal observations should be used to inform the child's primary teacher or caregiver ratings. The staff person who completes the developmental profile should be able to understand the child's language, or use an interpreter if necessary.

5. Which version of the Desired Results Developmental Profile (DRDP) should be used?

  • Infant/Toddler: Use the DRDP (2015)–Infant/Toddler View for children from early infancy to 36 months, unless two years and seven months in a preschool classroom.
  • Preschool: The agency may use the DRDP (2015) Preschool Comprehensive View or the Preschool Fundamental View for children who are three years of age until kindergarten enrollment. The DRDP (2015) Preschool Comprehensive View or the Preschool Fundamental View may also be used for children who are at least two years and seven months entering a preschool classroom who will turn three on or before December 2. Use of the Preschool Fundamental View is required for all preschool age children with an IEP.
  • School Age: For after school programs that provide services for children from kindergarten entry through 12 years of age, the agency may use the Desired Results Developmental Profile–School Age (DRDP-SA©), Simplified Version or the Complete Version.

6. Is it okay to use DRDP-K for preschool children?
The Desired Results Developmental Profile–Kindergarten© (DRDP–K (2015) ©) is an assessment instrument that is designed for teachers to use to reflect on the learning, development, and progress of all children during the transitional kindergarten/ kindergarten year. It may not be used with preschool children.

7. For how long should DRDP forms be maintained on file?
There is a five year record retention requirement for maintaining DRDP records. DRDP Online allows programs to meet this record retention requirement and store the DRDP records in a free, secure online system.

8. Should the portfolios be kept on file also?
Portfolios should be kept on file (either electronically or paper versions) while the child is enrolled in the program. Once the child leaves the program, the portfolio should be sent home with the child. There is no need to store them for five years.

9. Should there be a comment for each measure?
To complete the DRDP, teachers and caregivers should gather ongoing evidence and documentation of the child’s growth. California Department of Education (CDE) Early Education and Support Division (EESD) programs are required to maintain portfolios for each child. There is no requirement to add comments.

10. If a child terminates the program and reenrolls, do I complete a new assessment.
If a child returns after terminating the program, within 30 days, a new assessment does not need to be completed.

11. We are using an outside vendor to collect documentation and complete ratings for the DRDP, do ratings have to be entered in DRDP Online?
Effective Fall 2015, all state-funded agencies are required to enter all DRDP ratings in DRDP Online. The use of a vendor to help with data collection or organization of documentation is a choice of the agency. The California Department of Education requires DRDP ratings to be entered in DRDP Online and the psychometric reports used to support learning and development.

12. If a teacher selects the conditional measure bubble (Measure not rated: The child’s development is beyond the latest developmental level (required for children with IEPs)), is evidence required to show the child’s development is beyond the latest developmental level?
When asked, a teacher is expected to articulate why the conditional measure was not rated. The California Department of Education does not require documentation for not rating a conditional measure. However, an agency may have a different policy.

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Frequently Asked Questions about the DRDP (2015) Fundamental View

13. Regarding the new Fundamental View for the DRDP (2015) Preschool tool, will there be an update to DRDP Online?
A. Yes, there will be an update in DRDP Online by May 2018. Meanwhile, please mark “unable to rate” in conditional measures Physical Development-Health (PD-HLTH) measures 5-6 and 10, if you do not need them, as well as for all measures for the domains of History-Social Science (HSS) and Visual Performing Arts (VPA). Once that is completed, child records can be locked.

B. There is an option for an administrator to upload the child records into DRDP Online with the template that has PD-HLTH measures 5-6 and 10 and all measures in the domains of HSS and VPA marked “unable to rate.” After uploading, only the fundamental measures will show as being able to rate for the teacher. However, if there are children with IEPs in the classroom programs, the teacher should not mark PD-HLTH measures as unable to rate, but rather the teacher should fill those conditional measures out themselves.

14. Is it possible for our staff to use the paper ratings record until the online version is ready, and then input the data into DRDP Online?
Programs are able to enter ratings into DRDP Online now. There is no need to wait for the Fundamental View. There will be an update in DRDP Online by December 2016. Meanwhile, please mark “unable to rate” in PD-HLTH measures 5-6 and 10 (if a child does not have an IEP) as well as for all measures in the domains of HSS and VPA.  Once that is completed, child records can be locked.

15. Will children with IEPs use the Fundamental View or the Comprehensive View? 
Please use the same DRDP view with all of your children. All conditional measures are required for children with IEPs, except for the English Language Development (ELD) measures. The use of the ELD measures is dependent upon whether a language other than or in addition to English is spoken in the home. Special Education staff should go to www.draccess.org for information on requirements on what to submit to the state for state reporting.

16. When will the Fundamental View Spanish resource be available?
The DRDP (2015) Fundamental View Spanish resource will be available by August 30, 2016.

17. Is the Fundamental View going to be available in the DRDP Portfolio App? If so, what’s the estimated date of its availability?
The DRDP Portfolio App has all of the measures of the DRDP (2015). Teachers can collect evidence for the measures they are rating. The DRDP Portfolio App does not require evidence for all measures. It may be updated in the future, but at this time, the DRDP Portfolio App has all the measures for each age group.

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Desired Results Developmental Profile (DRDP) Formatting

18. Should the DRDP be copied each time it is administered?
It is required that teachers use DRDP Online for entering their DRDP ratings. Therefore, the teacher only needs one copy of the DRDP. Some programs choose to enter data into DRDP Online by scanning in ratings using an outside service. In those cases, a rating record will be needed for every child, each rating period. Teachers should still review and reflect on the evidence and documentation while reading the measure and level descriptors.

The DRDP instruments and the DRDP Rating Records can be found on the Web site at https://desiredresults.us/drdp-forms

19. What is the purpose of the DRDP Rating Record?
In order to maintain the validity and reliability of the DRDP, each time the teacher completes the DRDP, teachers are asked to come to the rating with “fresh eyes.” The DRDP Rating Record is simply for the convenience of the teacher. Ratings for all rating periods must be entered into DRDP Online.

20. Is it okay to modify or skip measures from the DRDP?
All components of the DRDP are research-based. They work together to provide the child’s developmental profile along a continuum. The DRDP has gone through formative evaluations to demonstrate that it is a reliable and valid assessment instrument in its current form. Modifying or skipping measures compromises the reliability and validity factors.

If an agency chooses to complete the Preschool Fundamental View, the agency also has the option of completing additional domains, as required by the agency.

21. Can observations be put directly on the DRDP so information can be stored in one place?
In order to rate the DRDP, look at the child’s portfolio, anecdotal notes, teacher’s records, and any other evidence of the child’s progress during the marking period. There is no comment box available on the DRDP or in DRDP Online.

22. Is the DRDP available in computerized version (meaning profiles can be filled out electronically and summaries automatically generated)?
DRDP Online is a cloud-based computer system for the DRDP assessment instruments. DRDP Online is designed to allow teachers, program administrators, and other designated staff to enter the results of assessments using the DRDP instruments and to produce a variety of reports about the results for individual children and groups of children. DRDP Online is required for use by EESD programs.

23. Can a child demonstrate mastery of a developmental level on the DRDP in their home language?
Children in all age groups can demonstrate mastery of a developmental level in their home language. The teacher who completes the DRDP should speak the child’s home language, or have assistance from another adult such as an assistant teacher or caregiver, director, or parent, who does speak the child’s home language. The exception is the English-language development measures.

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Developmental Levels

24. After marking the highest developmental level (integrating) on the DRDP (2015)-Preschool can "Emerging to the next level" be marked?
No. Since there is not a next developmental level available for reference on the age level instrument, there is no definition of what a child would be emerging towards.

25. If a child reaches the last developmental level on an age level instrument, what should occur next?
Staff should continue documenting and observing the child and using the information to plan curriculum.

26. Will most preschoolers reach the integrating level prior to enrolling in kindergarten?
The DRDP research shows that most preschoolers will reach the building level by the end of their preschool years. In California, some children begin transitional kindergarten at age 4, kindergarten at age 5 or at age 6. The DRDP is calibrated to accommodate a broader range of abilities. There is some overlap both with the DRDP (2015)-Infant/Toddler instrument and the DRDP-K instrument in order to encompass the range of abilities.

27. If the first level has not yet been marked, can emerging be marked?
No. Emerging is a way of showing that the child is moving from the present developmental level to the next developmental level. Since there is no first developmental level, the child is not emerging from a developmental level to the next developmental level.

28. Is emerging a developmental level?
No. Emerging is used to show the child is beginning to demonstrate some of the skills, knowledge or behaviors at the next level. A developmental level must be marked first before marking emerging.

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Children with Special Needs

29. For a child on an IEP, what instrument should be used?
There is only one instrument for all children, including children with an IEP. Per the California Department of Education Management Bulletin 15-03, beginning with the 2015–16 contract year, the use of the DRDP (2015) is required for all direct service agencies that contract with the EESD to provide early education and care for children ages early infancy to kindergarten entry. It is also required for all preschool children with an Individualized Education Program (IEP) and for all infants and toddlers with Individual Family Service Plans (IFSP) reporting to the California Special Education Management Information System (CASEMIS).

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Availability of Training/Training Documents

30. Are training materials available on the Web site?
Training materials* are available on the Desired Results Web site under Training/Materials. In addition, you may refer to our Getting to Know You through Observation DVD and training workbook. It has many great ideas, plus clips of children to use for training.

These materials are intended solely for use by state-funded agencies for educational purposes. Commercial use is not authorized without express permission.

31. Is there any other training available?
Yes, there are online modules available on caearlychildhoodonline.org as well as tutorials on the desiredresults.us website. Teacher training is available for a fee. Teacher training dates and locations are posted on the Desired Results Web site under Training/Onsite Training.

32. Is a training of trainer’s available on the DRDP?
The Desired Results Trainer’s Institute trains a cadre of trainers on the DRDP. The materials provided at the Desired Results Regional Training can be utilized for training staffs.

33. Where can I find a list of Desired Results certified trainers?
The WestEd Desired Results Training and Technical Assistance Project is the sole California Department of Education (CDE) Early Education and Support Division (EESD) contractor authorized to provide training on the DRDP and to certify trainers to provide training on the DRDP within their agencies. To schedule a training for your agency, please fill out the Teacher Training Request Form.

34. Is there a training video or materials for the Desired Results Developmental Profile (DRDP)?
Online courses on the DRDP, Observation of Young Children, and Preschool English Learners may be available through California Early Childhood Online (CECO) on the website at https://www.caearlychildhoodonline.org/login.aspx . Training materials are routinely posted on the Desired Results Web site https://www.desiredresults.us/materials

35. Is there also a state-adopted curriculum based on research from the Desired Results system as a guide?
The California Department of Education does not approve texts, materials, or particular curriculum for preschool programs. These are all local decisions. The state of California has adopted preschool learning foundations to give guidance to programs on what children should know and be able to do at the end of preschool. A curriculum framework has been developed to provide guidance for using the foundations in program planning, instructional strategies and professional development. Please check the California Department of Education’s Web site for more information at www.cde.ca.gov/sp/cd/re/psfoundations.asp

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Using with Specific Programs

36. Is this instrument aligned with the Head Start (HS) framework?
Yes, it is. Alignment resources are available on the Web site https://www.desiredresults.us/cdeeesd-resources

37. How many times a year is the DRDP completed in a Head Start program?
The requirement for Head Start programs is “Aggregating and analyzing aggregate child-level assessment data at least three times per year.”  Head Start Performance Standards 1307.3(b)(1) and 1307.3(b)(2). Also: Head Start Act, section 641A(g)(2).

38. If the DRDP (2015)-PS is completed 3 times a year, as some programs require, are the results still valid?
Yes, the results will still be valid since the instrument is calibrated and not dependent on frequency.

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Family Child Care Home Education Network

39. In a Family Child Care Home Education Network (FCCHEN), who may complete the Desired Results Developmental Profile (DRDP)?
The DRDP is to be completed by those agency staff members that are designated as teachers.

40.  Are trained Family Child Care providers in a Family Child Care Home Education Network (FCCHEN) allowed to complete DRDP?
FCCHEN teachers are responsible for completing the DRDP. Agencies may call them specialists or coordinators. Certainly, family child care providers are encouraged to assist in collecting evidence and documentation of the child’s growth and progress. However, since they are not employees or direct contractors of the state, they cannot be required to complete the DRDP unless it is part of the contract with the FCCHEN.

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Preschool Learning Foundations

41. How does the Desired Results Developmental Profile (DRDP)–[DRDP (2015)] relate to the foundations?
Foundations focus on nine domains: social-emotional development, language and literacy, English-language development, mathematics, visual and performing arts, physical development, health, as well as history/social science. The foundations provide early childhood educators, parents, and the public with a clear understanding of the wide range of knowledge and skills that preschool children typically attain when participating in a high-quality preschool program. The DRDP (2015) is a child observation tool aligned with the foundations. The DRDP (2015) provides teachers with a means to assess children’s learning along a continuum of four different developmental levels. The foundations and the DRDP (2015) are to be used together to plan the environment, play, learning activities and instruction to meet the needs of the children and provide a high-quality preschool experience.

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